Indian Cryogenics Council came into existence in 1975 under the leadership of Prof. Akshay Bose of Jadavpur University, Kolkata. The Council has been promoting research and development in the area through several national conferences, seminars and workshops. ICC has been in the forefront in bringing together professionals, academicians, students and industries in the field of cryogenics.
LPSC is the lead Centre of ISRO that develops liquid propulsion systems and control power plants for Launch Vehicles and Satellites, thereby empowering access to space and enabling space operations.
Liquid propulsion system developed by LPSC enables space operations of all Indian Spacecrafts in orbit including the prestigious Chandrayaan-1 mission to moon and Mars Orbiter Mission. In the area of Launch vehicles, the Centre has developed and operationalised liquid and cryogenic rocket engines and stages for PSLV, GSLV and GSLV MkIII. The Centre is currently developing new propulsion systems like, semi-cryogenic booster engine and stage, electric propulsion system for spacecrafts etc. for future ISRO programmes.
Development of Cryogenic propulsion technology commenced in 1987 in LPSC and it was indeed a proud moment when the GSLV with an indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) became successful, overcoming all technological and political hurdles, in the year 2014.
It was yet another feather in the cap of LPSC when the most powerful and heaviest rocket of ISRO, the GSLV Mark-III, with an indigenously designed high thrust cryogenic engine and stage succeeded in its maiden flight in 2017.